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Sharma version lacks these features but does have extensive commentary incorporated in with the original text.

This work is unique in that it discusses blood in terms of the fourth doshic principle. Not much is known about him personally, except that he was most likely to have been a vedic, as he makes a reference to Lord Shiva in his writings, and ashatnga sons, grandsons, and disciples were all hhridayam. There are about 10, verses of varying meters. It is the most recent of the classical texts, written in the 16th century.

Its taxonomy is slightly different at times from those given by Charaka, Sushruta, and Vagbhata, while for the greater part its verses are seemingly direct quotes from them. Retrieved from ” https: The Sushruta Samhita presents the field of Ayurvedic surgery shalya. Both works have been dated about the same time and are thought to date after the Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita CE.

It gives more discussion about the notion that life is fundamentally a field of intelligence and pure knowledge. Bhishagratna’s translation is English and Sanskrit. The Ah is the central work of authority for ayurvedic practitioners in Kerala.

The Ancient Ayurvedic Writings

It deals with kayachikitsa generally and has a large section entitled Nighantu, which gives the characteristics of many foods, plants, and minerals. There are sections on longevity, personal hygiene, the causes of illness, the influence of season and time on the human organism, types and classifications of medicine, the significance of the sense of taste, pregnancy and possible complications during birth, Prakriti, individual constitutions and various aids for establishing a prognosis.


This work is dated around AD and is prized for covering a wide range of diseases in the fields of bala children and women’s disordersshalya, damstra toxicologyshalakya ear, nose and throatand kayachikitsa. Its style is both prose and poetry with poetry being the greater portion. There are two works by a person or persons with this name.

Vagbhata – Wikipedia

The Ah has been translated into many languages, including Tibetan, Arabic, Persian and several modern Indian and European languages. His life duration was years. Dick and The Ayurvedic Institute. Sharma’s English version is said to be a scholarly and relatively faithful work.

It is thought to have arisen about the same time period as the Charaka Samhita, slightly after or before it according to different authorities. In this work, we see the kapha sub-doshas are listed and described for the first time, completing our modern edifice of vata, pitta, and kapha with their five sub-types.

Its author, Sharngadhara, has offered his work as a digested version of Ayurvedic knowledge, deliberately omitting much detail because the works of The Great Three were already widely known. This branch of medicine arose in part from the exigencies of dealing with the effects of war.

Indeed, the whole question of the relationship of these two works, and their authorship, is very difficult and still far from solution. It has numerous appendices and an extensive index. This field is self-aware; it is the Knower as well ashatnga the object of perception, and for Charaka this is part of what is to be treated by the physician.

The Hridayam about 7, verses is written in prose and seems to have a slightly different organization of material than the former. While Charaka has entire chapters dealing with the Self, these works merely mention that the body is the xshtanga for the Self without any elaboration.

Both of his books were originally written in Sanskrit with sutra. This work, also originally written in Sanskrit, is now available in English with Devanagari. It presents most of the theoretical edifice of Ayurveda and concentrates on the branch of Ayurveda called kayachikitsa internal medicine.


Sushruta, one of the earliest surgeons, Charaka, a medical genius, and Vagbhata are considered to be “The Trinity” of Ayurvedic knowledge, with Vagbhata coming after the other two.

Many of it sutras are direct quotes from earlier writers. Dallana has been regarded as the most influential commentator on Sushruta’s work. This article is not strictly transliterated from the original Sanskrit. The Sharngadhara Samhita is a concise exposition of Ayurvedic principles. Its emphasis on treating the physiology of the body and suggestions for therapeutic use of metals and minerals means the perspective of the treatise represents the gross, material value of life more than its counterparts Charaka and Sushruta.

This work also is said to be a redaction of oral material passed down verbally from generation to generation. Sharma translation comes in four volumes, two of original text and two of commentary about the original work.

Evidently it was not widely read in pre-modern times. However, the As has come to new prominence since the twentieth century through being made part of the curriculum for ayurvedic college education in India. According to some scholars, Vagbhata lived in Sindh around the sixth century. With its emphasis on pitta, surgery, and blood, this work best represents the transformational value of life.

Its subject matter is again the field of kayachikitsa. It is felt to be one of the oldest and the most important ancient authoritative writings on Ayurveda. Ashtanga Sangraha and Ashtanga Hridayam are the work of a person named Vagbhata.

This is largely the theory of the internal fire–of digestion–or internal medicine, in modern terms. Seen from a greater perspective, this work seems to represent a certain value of consciousness that hrirayam different from other works.

This work is the first to enumerate and discuss the pitta sub-doshas and the marmas.